What is a literature work?

Literary works are scientific papers that answer a question or hypothesis based on secondary literature. The literary work not only answers the given research question, but at the same time reflects the current state of research on the selected topic.

  • The literature research is the heart of the literature work
  • The literature search can be done conventionally via a search engine on the Internet to get a general overview of the existence of existing, useful literature. You should also use the inventory catalog of a university library to find helpful books on the topic. It also helps to read reviews, papers and essays that relate to the topic and refer to literature. In the literature analysis, it is important that current essays or books are used to capture the current state of research. It is recommended to have a structured approach to the collection and analysis of the literature, which is researched and read for the work. Here you can work, for example, with the help of an excerpt.

Can not find sources? We help with the literature search!

Before completing the bachelor thesis, students need to do some minor scientific work, such as term paper or term paper, but the small size and low student requirements do not allow for empirical research methods. The relevance of the work is not high enough, especially since a housework or term paper is not verbally defended, therefore, is to be foreseen from an empirical work.

Bachelor Thesis as Literature Work
The bachelor thesis is usually written in the form of a literature work, so-called systematic literature review. At this academic level of education, no scientific work with empirical knowledge is required, but ambitious bachelor’s theses with an empirical part are often seen by lecturers.

ASSEMBLY OF ACCESSIBLE RESEARCH LEVEL


A literary work is characterized by an independent pooling of accessible research on a topic chosen by students.

HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF RESEARCH


In addition, a theoretical bachelor thesis presents a historical development of research that takes into account the theoretical positions. Students do not have to explain the whole historical development, but can limit their topic to a certain period of time.


STRONG AND WEAK PAGES OF PRESENTED APPROACHES


The aim is to show and evaluate the strong and weak sides of the presented approaches. Of course, a current state of research must be presented in the bachelor thesis.


LITERATURE WORK – GOAL


In a bachelor thesis as a literary work, the student creates nothing new and does not work emotionally (eg he does not conduct surveys). He only proves that he knows scientific guidelines and can write a thesis according to scientific standards. A typical bachelor thesis consists of 25 to 40 pages.

Pros and cons of literature work
ADVANTAGES
complexity
A theoretical work is easier to write than an empirical work

topicality
Current topics often lack research results, but the topics have already been covered in journals.

planable
The workload is i. d. R. temporally manageable.

INDEPENDENCE
Independent of subjects and other factors

Simple survey and evaluation
Resource-dependent research (eg in the laboratory) and complicated examinations (eg evaluation softwares such as SPSS) are no longer required.

DISADVANTAGE


Lack of practical relevance
No or hardly any empiricism

Extensive literature research
A theoretical work requires a more extensive literature search.

Statistical worse rating
Static literature works are rated worse than work with an empirical part.

What is an empirical work?

For an empirical work, a problem is recognized and raised. The theoretical-based problem becomes empirical, i. H. empirically tested / researched (eg with the help of hypotheses, by empirical study, empirical analysis or empirical data collection). Data is collected, collected, systematized, evaluated and interpreted. A distinction is made between qualitative and quantitative research.

Learn more about qualitative and quantitative research!

Bachelor thesis as empirical work
The bachelor thesis can be realized as literature work as well as empirical work. Since it i. d. R. is the first scientific work that has an empirical part, only students who are up to the challenge should take the risk. Already in the research question, the decision is whether you want to evaluate literature or collected records.

IMPORTANT


In empirical work, your research question must be measurable on the basis of quality criteria and research methods. Also, the method of collecting the data for the bachelor thesis may turn out to be more difficult than expected in practice!

Unfortunately, students who are far advanced in their work and have to start over again often fail. Therefore, you should discuss the research question in detail with your supervisor, who has enough experience to avoid such problems.

Master thesis as empirical work


While the thesis is theoretically possible, i. d. R. Provided work with empirical research. The theoretical and empirical part of the Master Thesis is significantly more extensive than the Bachelor Thesis. A master thesis with an empirical analysis includes i. d. R. between 70-100 p. Since the master’s thesis is already the doctoral thesis, which is often a complicated empirical work, gap with an empirical master’s thesis on the dissertation is not kept so great.

Pros and cons of empirical work
ADVANTAGES
Static better rating
Empirical work is rated statically better than theoretical work

Benefits of applying
Empirical work enjoys a higher status in job applications

Relevance for subsequent research
Significant for other scientists and their research

practical
The research results have a high practical relevance for companies

DISADVANTAGE
More complex methods
Incorporation and use of statistical methods / software (eg SPSS)

Not plan able
The time required for work is difficult to plan (complicated time management for eg empirical observations).

Persons / resources dependent
Possibly. difficult access to people and resources

High workload
Empirical work has a higher workload.

Comparison of literature work and empirical work
LITERATURE IS A RESEARCH BASED ON RESEARCH
basis

DATA SERVES AS A RESEARCH BASIS
EXTENSIVE LITERATURE RESEARCH
investigation

MORE MEDIUM LITERATURE RESEARCH
NO DATA COLLECTION
methods

EMPIRICAL RESEARCH METHODS
KAUM PRACTICE REFERENCE
practical

RELATION
NO RESEARCH DOCUMENTATION
documentation

TRANSCRIPTION / RECORDING OF RUNS / RESULTS
LESS VOLUME
scope

HIGH VOLUME
Outline in literature work vs. empirical work

At first glance (see below), the structures do not seem to be too different. The main difference lies in the research part. While a literary work remains very theoretical in this part too, the empirical work uses data that was collected either by itself (primary research) or by third parties (secondary research).

Outline literature work
1 Introduction
1.1 problem statement
1.2 Question
1.3 Structure of the work

  1. Theoretical part
    2.1 Explanation of basic concepts
    2.2 Status of research
    3rd method
    3.1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria for literature
    3.2. methodic procedure
    3.3. Used literature
  2. Results
    5th discussion
  3. Summary

Outline empirical work
1 Introduction
1.1 problem statement
1.2 Research objective
1.3 Structure of the work

  1. Theoretical part
    2.1 Explanation of basic concepts
    2.2 Status of research
  2. Research Method
    3.1 Sample and research design
    3.2. Body / test material
    3.3. research expiration
  3. Results
    5th discussion
  4. Summary

Our tip for a literature work
In a theoretical work, you should do a profound literature search. It is advisable to read published works of other students and to look for interesting sources in the bibliography, which you can also use for your scientific work.

Leave Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

twelve + seven =